Lighting for Music Royalty
Profiled Firm: Nick Whitehouse, Illuminate Entertainment, Inc. | Location: Los Angeles, California (USA)
World-renowned lighting designer Whitehouse creates awe-inspiring light shows for some of the biggest names in music, such as Justin Timberlake, Jay-Z, Coldplay, Beyoncé, and Britney Spears, but his current prominence within the industry belies his humble beginnings. He worked as a stage technician while attending Notre Dame College in Leeds before pursuing a career in sound technology. Programming primarily at small venues, he made connections with as many people as he could.
Eventually, one of these friendships led to an opportunity to work with lighting, and Whitehouse jumped at the chance, building enough experience to garner the attention of major acts. His first touring experience was in 2000 with Britpop band Starsailor, which was, at the time, a rival of the British rock band Coldplay. Starsailor didn't have the same meteoric success as their contemporary, but Coldplay took notice of their competition's lighting designs and invited Whitehouse to join them for what would become eight years of touring.
During a Coldplay show in Tokyo, Japan, American singer and songwriter Justin Timberlake was in the audience and was so impressed with the show that he offered Whitehouse a job on the spot. After the Coldplay tour ended, Whitehouse designed the lighting for Timberlake’s FutureSex/LoveShow arena tour.
Whitehouse and Timberlake developed a collaborative relationship that allowed the duo to explore new lighting techniques and test various set options. For example, when Timberlake's 20/20 Experience tour kicked off in 2014, it incorporated a moving bridge, new laser systems, as well as integrated video projection. During one part of the show, Whitehouse made it appear as if holes opened up along the back wall of the stage. This visual treat functioned like a large art installation that revolved around a 150-foot wide by 60-foot high hexagon wall and overhead hexagon ceiling, which combined to provide a giant projection surface for video content.
The tour also challenged Whitehouse to reconfigure his design to fit varying arena sizes. "Between all of the promo shows and the tour dates, we did over 140 shows," said Whitehouse. "Most of them had different stage sizes and shapes, so every night we needed a different look and a different design. It kept me very busy. When I finished the tour, I think I'd only been home a total of 10 days the whole year."
I bring everything into Vectorworks Spotlight software as symbols to make sure it all fits. This is where the software is very useful because you can maneuver things to fit in different venues, from large arenas like Madison Square Garden to the small stage on television's 'The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon,' while accommodating things like fire exits, jumbotrons, and seating configurations.
Every Light Should Be an Instrument
His dedication positions Whitehouse as a sought-after lighting designer. "I'm there to interpret what artists want,” he said. “It's their show." Understanding a client's needs is the trickiest part about his work, so Whitehouse strives to match his lighting to an artist's unique style, even when lighting for multiple artists in one show.
Designing Jay-Z and Justin Timberlake's joint Legends of the Summer tour was a challenge because Jay-Z wanted a stark look while Justin sought a visual element to correspond to every beat in his songs, as if the lights played the music, which required 12,000-15,000 lighting cues per show.
To achieve these diverse, visual looks for each show, Whitehouse communicates with his clients to ensure they're satisfied with the general aesthetic of the lighting design. "I start drawing rough ideas on paper, and then I bring everything into Vectorworks Spotlight software as symbols to make sure it all fits,” he said. “This is where the software is very useful because you can maneuver things to fit in different venues, from large arenas like Madison Square Garden to the small stage on television's 'The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon,' while accommodating things like fire exits, jumbotrons, and seating configurations."
He added that being able to work in 2D and 3D environments with hybrid symbols means he can very quickly see what works in terms of space and create a very nice looking plot at the same time. "Labeling and keeping track of fixture types, quantities, and focus positions is also a breeze with the comprehensive Spotlight tools,” he said. “I can then position Renderworks® cameras in different seating blocks or camera positions and guide promoters through exactly what the sight lines to the stage will be from any seat in the house and tweak the design to help them maximize sellable seats in every venue."
Once the sizing is correct, Whitehouse uses the software to generate quick 3D renderings and get general feedback from an artist. After the client signs off on the 3D model, he dives into the technical process, exchanging information with set designers and construction companies through file exchanges to create the final light plots, which he then exports into a grandMA2 lighting console using a plug-in created by MA Lighting for Vectorworks software.
The plug-in takes all the fixture information contained in the Vectorworks file, including fixture type, identity, addressing, and 3D positioning. It then builds the MA2 show file, patch, and MA3D visualizer environment automatically — exactly as it is on the paperwork — a process that used to take many hours. From there Whitehouse works with the MA2 and MA3D to virtually program the basics of the show, safe in the knowledge that the console files, light plots, and eventually the real lighting rig all reference the master Vectorworks Spotlight drawings.
I can position Renderworks cameras in different seating blocks or camera positions and guide promoters through exactly what the sight lines to the stage will be from any seat in the house and tweak the design to help them maximize sellable seats in every venue.
Illuminating the Future
Even though Whitehouse has a large repertoire of technical skills and a practiced, collaborative workflow, his design philosophy revolves around the idea that less is more. "When designers compete to be the brightest in every show, people's eyes get tired," he said. "You have to take a step back and let the artist shine."
Just like the artists, Whitehouse gets nervous every time he tries something new. "I've done so many shows that I understand the pressure performers are under. Sometimes when I try something new, I'll stand in the back of the room with my eyes closed and my fingers crossed," he joked. "You can rehearse all you want, but the real testing ground is the show itself."
Images courtesy of Ralph Larmann